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Housetraining a Puppy
Supervise the puppy
constantly when he is loose in the house.
Take the puppy outside (on a leash) and praise the puppy when he relieves himself outside. Take the puppy to the same area of the yard for bathroom purposes. Use a verbal command such as, "Go Potty," "Do your business" Say this in a gentle quite tone of voice. In the beginning this will mean nothing to the dog, so do not become upset when he fails to respond. After 2-3 weeks, he will start to understand if his eliminating if followed by warm, sincere praise.
Keep his bathroom area
picked up except for the most recent stool.
Keep the puppy on a schedule
feeding and outside time!
Feed a high quality premium
When to take the puppy outside:
Pick the puppy up and carry him outside if he is small. Do not rush at the puppy and frighten him. Do not yell or threaten him. Simply get him outside as quickly and calmly as possible. Young puppies in the 8-12 week range will need to go out every 1-2 hours. Pups in the 12-16 week range will need to go out every 2-3 hours.
If you have taken the puppy out and he does not relieve himself, when you bring him back in, put him back in his crate or keep him on a leash with you and take him back out in 20-30 minutes
Do not let him wander through the house unsupervised after an unproductive trip outside. Sometimes puppies are distracted and actually forget why they are outside or that they needed to relieve themselves.
Any attention you show (even yelling at it) simply tells the puppy that if it whines or cries, you will show it more attention.
For the first few nights, you may want to place the crate in a different room where you can close the door so you do not hear the puppy crying or whining. Once the puppy has learned to stay quiet, many people prefer to move the crate to the bedroom. Later, after the puppy is thoroughly trained, many people will simply leave the door of the crate open and use this as the permanent bed for the puppy.
Most puppies will make it through the night without accidents if they are confined. But get them out immediately upon waking. The fact that the puppy can go 8 hours at night does not mean it can go 8 hours during the daytime. Don't become discouraged. Some puppies will continue to mess in the cage until it is 3-4 months of age. It still would be better for the mess to be in the cage rather than in other parts of the house.
Immediately take the puppy outside when it is allowed out of the cage.
Crate training depends upon the instinct of dogs to keep their beds clean. Dogs are "den" animals. Their own private place gives them a sense of security. Confinement is not cruel unless abused. A puppy does not want to mess in his bed and then have to sleep in it! The crate should not be so large that he can relieve himself in one end and then sleep in the other, or he will do so. If too large of a crate is used, a divider can be constructed to place in the crate to make it smaller until the puppy grows to the size requiring the entire crate.
Introduce the puppy to the
crate as soon as it is brought home.
Never go to a crying puppy, as this would only serve to encourage (reward) the crying.
Corrections for Housetraining Accidents:
Corrections must be made at the time the puppy is in the act of making the mistake! If you feel the necessity to punish someone when you find a mess after the fact.
Giving the puppy too much unsupervised freedom while loose in the house.
Relying too much on punishment of bad behavior rather than teaching good behavior and trying to prevent bad behavior from happening. That means housebreaking scheduling to get the puppy outside at proper times is much more important than punishing the puppy after an accident happens.
Excessive reliance on punishment will not only impede house training but may also damage his emotional stability.
Remember your puppy is an infant. It is your job to teach it to want to be house trained. Training not only takes effort and attention, it also takes time and patience. Puppies are just like "babies in diapers" It takes time for them to learn what to do and for their bodies to mature enough to react.
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